Guiding Principles

Guiding Principles

  • Knowledge transfer that meets identified needs and reflects current best evidence.
  • Embracing diversity.
  • Community capacity building and collaborating with stakeholders to build community partnerships.
  • A healthy and effective work environment for employees that rewards integrity, commitment to the Prevention Institute’s vision, professionalism, responsibility, accountability, and team work.

What is Primary Prevention?

Primary prevention aims to prevent disabling conditions from occurring by eliminating or modifying risk factors that can occur before or during pregnancy or after birth. Primary prevention efforts to prevent disabilities are the responsibility of both society and individuals. It is important to recognize that not all disabling conditions are preventable.

How does Primary Prevention Work?

Sometimes, primary prevention is legislated. Smoking restrictions in public places, the removal of lead from paint, and the use of seat belts and child passenger restraints are examples of legislated primary prevention. Primary prevention is also addressed through health promotion, education, community-based programming, and other practices that enable individuals and families to get support and make decisions about their health.

Primary prevention efforts are based in evidence. Preventing disabling conditions in children can occur prior to pregnancy (preconception), during pregnancy (prenatal period), and in childhood. Some examples are:

  • Taking folic acid prior to and during pregnancy helps to prevent children from being born with neural tube defects.
  • Testing for and treating sexually transmitted infections (STIs) helps to prevent transmission of the STI to the fetus.
  • Avoiding alcohol during pregnancy prevents Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
  • Avoiding tobacco during pregnancy helps prevent low birth weight babies.
  • Immunizations prevent diseases like polio, measles, and whooping cough.
  • Vitamin D fortification of milk helps prevent rickets.
  • Proper use of child passenger restraints helps mitigate injury and death of an infant or child in the event of a car crash.
  • Promoting and supporting early childhood mental health improves long-term mental and physical health.

How does the Saskatchewan Prevention Institute Practice Primary Prevention?

The Saskatchewan Prevention Institute is committed to working collaboratively to promote primary prevention throughout the province. We share evidence-based information through print and web-based resources. We provide education and training on all of our areas of focus. We collaborate to help communities work towards primary prevention of identified needs. Content experts and consumers of our information and training are involved to help us expand our programming.

What is a Disability?

“Disability” describes the impacts on individuals from impairment to their bodies’ function or structure, limitations to their ability to execute a task or action, or restrictions to their participation in life situations like school, work, or social life. Individuals can also be impacted by society’s view of their abilities.

Physical and social interventions can increase the opportunities of individuals, regardless of ability, to have a satisfying life.

Retrieved from WHO | Disabilities  March 14, 2014

Saskatchewan Prevention Institute

Celebrating 25 Years

This video chronicles the founding and development of the Saskatchewan Prevention Institute. It includes information about corporate structure and funding, as well as past programming initiatives.