To legally drive a conventional motor vehicle, such as a car or truck, individuals are required to be 16 years of age, complete an instructional course, pass a practical exam that tests driver competency, and follow the enforced rules of the road. Conventional motor vehicles also come with built in protective measures such as seatbelts and air bags. These requirements and protective measures help create a safer environment for drivers of motor vehicles and those around them. 
The average age of individuals who are treated at emergency departments in Canada for ATV-related injuries is 15 years, which is less than the legal driving age of conventional motor vehicles. 
ATVs do not have the same built in protective measures as conventional motor vehicles. A full-size ATV weighs over 225 kg (500 lbs), and is capable of reaching highway speeds. The severity of ATV-related injuries is similar to the injury patterns of a motor vehicle collision, yet children are driving ATVs without helmets or safety gear, without formal training or licenses, and often without following manufacturer recommendations and provincial legislation.