Newborn Hearing

The impacts of deafness later in a child’s life may include lower academic achievement, underemployment, poor social adaptation and psychological distress, and are directly proportional to the severity of hearing loss and the time lag between diagnosis and intervention.

Sexual Health Development

Sexual health development, including sexual health behaviours, knowledge and understanding, are part of the normal development of children. A healthy early childhood forms a foundation for a strong, healthy and productive adulthood. During this period, children develop the physical, emotional and social abilities that will be used throughout their lives; both in adolescence and adulthood.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Parents and caregivers need to be educated on the safest sleep arrangements for their infant
and to choose a safe environment for their newborn. New parents should be knowledgeable about the safe sleeping habits for their baby to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death or SIDS

Infant Health

New parents should educate themselves and seek out resources on appropriate care and safety techniques such as rear-facing, properly installed car seats, laying a baby on his or her back to sleep, taking time to just play with baby, and breastfeeding. It is also important to attend regular check-ups to measure the infant’s development.


Vaccinations can help to prevent disease, both individually and amongst groups of people. Since the introduction of vaccination programs, diseases such as polio and small pox have become rare. Even though some of the diseases that women and children are given vaccines for are now rarely seen in Canada, it is still important to continue to vaccinate.


Certain medications, as well as alcohol and most illicit drugs, can be passed to the baby through breast milk. If a woman is taking medication, she should discuss her intake with her healthcare professional. Drugs and alcohol should be avoided throughout pregnancy and lactation.