Pregnancy and Domestic Violence

Domestic violence during pregnancy can have negative impacts for both the pregnant person and the baby during and after pregnancy. Domestic violence during pregnancy is associated with more severe forms of violence, more frequent violence, and an increase in adverse health consequences compared to domestic violence outside of pregnancy.

Domestic violence (also known as intimate partner violence) includes physical, psychological, verbal, sexual, spiritual, and financial abuse that occurs within an intimate relationship. Domestic violence affects people of all ages, socioeconomic status, cultures, and educational backgrounds.

Pregnancy is a time of unique vulnerability to domestic violence due to the special physical, social, emotional, and economic needs of a pregnant person. Pregnant individuals have a higher risk of experiencing violence during pregnancy than other risks such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, or premature rupture of membranes.