There are several types of behaviour that help to reduce adolescent pregnancy rates. These include abstaining from sexual activity, reducing the frequency of sex among those who are sexually active, and the use of contraception by those who are sexually active.
Adolescents may know how to prevent pregnancy; however, they are not always consistent in applying this knowledge to their actions. Adolescent pregnancy prevention programs should ensure that adolescents have the skills needed to access contraceptives, deal with embarrassment, and negotiate contraception use with their partners.
Community-specific prevention strategies may be useful for addressing adolescent pregnancy prevention. These could include: