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Saskatchewan continues to see high rates of new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in comparison to the rest of Canada. A large number of these new cases are being identified in women of childbearing age.
Recognizing the importance of understanding HIV in the context of pregnancy, the Saskatchewan Prevention Institute conducted a review of the literature in this area. The review includes findings and recommendations on vertical transmission, transmission prevention, barriers to prevention, and health promotion around these topics.
Fact Sheet, 2019
This fact sheet explains that for women living with HIV, smoking tobacco during pregnancy can increase the chances that HIV will be passed to the baby. Websites are listed to help pregnant women and those planning a pregnancy to quit or reduce their tobacco use.
This brochure includes a brief summary of medical research about the impact of alcohol on a developing fetus. It also provides information and advice that a doctor could give to women about how alcohol affects a developing baby, and steps a woman can take to protect her unborn baby from exposure to alcohol. Included in the brochure are some ideas about supports to help women quit drinking.
Ensuring proper nutrition is a critical component of living with HIV as it is with being pregnant. The two conditions combined mean that pregnant women living with HIV are especially vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies and these women must monitor their nutritional status accordingly. The review provides general recommendations to address these issues.
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