Substance Use, Pregnancy, and HIV/AIDS: Treatment Programs for Pregnant Women
This living document identifies existing substance use treatment programs and services available to pregnant women and pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS in North America, with a particular focus on Saskatchewan. The information provided through the current environmental scan is useful both for pregnant women who use substances who are seeking services, and for healthcare professionals, who can use this information to assist women in accessing services that are appropriate to their needs. Ideally, this would be done as part of a multidisciplinary team, where the referring professional continues to be involved in the care of the woman. It is hoped that the information provided will increase awareness of the existing substance use treatment centres and programs for pregnant women, with the goal of potentially increasing referrals to and use of these programs.
The Impact of Substance Use on Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV
This literature review aimed to assess the impact of substance use on mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Such a review was deemed necessary due to Saskatchewan’s unique HIV profile. Specifically, new cases of HIV in Saskatchewan are: (a) the highest in Canada; (b) most often associated with injection drug use (IDU); and (c) increasing rapidly in women of childbearing age (ages 15 to 39). The primary questions addressed in the report include: Why do substance use services need to be focused on to avoid MTCT of HIV? How does having a substance use issue influence high risk behaviours that can lead to HIV infection? How does having a substance use issue affect virus progression and impact the health of pregnant women living with HIV?SKU: 7-508
Sexually Transmitted Infections: Are You Positive You’re Negative?
This brochure, designed for use with youth, explains what sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are, how to avoid STIs, and how to find out if you have an STI. It also includes information about the effects of STIs on fertility, pregnancies, and newborn babies.SKU: 7-002
Vertical (Mother-to-child) Transmission of HIV: Prevention, Treatment, and Education
Saskatchewan continues to see high rates of new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in comparison to the rest of Canada. A large number of these new cases are being identified in women of childbearing age.
Recognizing the importance of understanding HIV in the context of pregnancy, the Saskatchewan Prevention Institute conducted a review of the literature in this area. The review includes findings and recommendations on vertical transmission, transmission prevention, barriers to prevention, and health promotion around these topics.Download the Vertical Transmission Executive SummarySKU: 7-501
Screening for HIV as Part of Prenatal Care Prior to Week 36
This algorithm provides Saskatchewan-specific guidelines for HIV screening in pregnant women prior to 36 weeks gestation.SKU: 7-009