The symptoms of a single concussion in early childhood usually resolve within 1 to 4 weeks. For some children, having prolonged symptoms can impact the quality of life for both the child and the family. Longer lasting negative outcomes from concussion may include effects on thinking, learning, and behaviour. These negative outcomes may be more likely when the concussion occurs at younger ages. Having multiple concussions can also lead to worse outcomes, making the prevention of multiple concussions very important.
There is some early research to suggest that a concussion in early childhood may negatively impact child-caregiver relationships. Dealing with concussion symptoms can be stressful for caregivers, and a caregivers’ stress may impact a child’s healing from a concussion. More education and support for caregivers about what concussion symptoms look like and how long symptoms can last may help to reduce stress and improve outcomes for children.