HIV and Pregnancy
HIV is different now. With proper treatment and care, people living with HIV can live long and healthy lives. Women living with HIV can also have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. With care and treatment, the risk of transmission of HIV can be reduced to less than 1%. Women living with HIV who do not receive treatment have a 15% to 40% chance of passing HIV to their babies (called vertical transmission).
A mother can pass HIV on to her baby in three ways:
Women who are HIV positive and pregnant, or are considering getting pregnant, may face additional challenges. It is important for a pregnant woman living with HIV to find a healthcare provider who is supportive and knowledgeable about HIV and pregnancy. This will result in the best care being given to the mother and baby. For general information about HIV/AIDS, click here.