The possible outcomes for the baby include:
There are several treatments of GDM. Good blood sugar control reduces the risk of complications in pregnancy and for the baby. Regular prenatal check-ups are important to find and treat problems early.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) can persist into the postpartum period of a woman’s life and may develop into Type 2 diabetes and abnormal glucose tolerance in the future. Postpartum screening at 6-12 weeks has been recommended for women who had Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, impaired fasting glucose level, or impaired glucose tolerance during pregnancy.
It is important that women, who have had these concerns in the past and may have subsequent pregnancies, screen more frequently to detect abnormal glucose metabolism before pregnancy and provides an opportunity to ensure preconception glucose control. If they have changed primary care physicians, women may want to discuss past pregnancies and the need for early screening for GDM, impaired fasting glucose level, or impaired glucose tolerance with their doctor.
Primary healthcare providers can use the Postpartum DM Checklist as a reminder when seeing women, who have experienced GDM during pregnancy, to review their diabetes screening results between six weeks and six months postpartum.
Pre-Term and Post-Term
Pre-term labour is defined as labour that begins before the 37th week of pregnancy. A full-term pregnancy lasts 37 to 42 weeks. Preterm labour occurs in approximately 8.2% of all pregnancies and premature babies account for 60 to 70% of all infant deaths and illnesses in Canada.